Chess is one of the most demanding board games in the history of mankind. However, its rules are easy to understand. It offers a wide range of possibilities to the players. To gain vital skills, it is important to learn the basic tactics and strategies.
Before starting a game of chess, formulate a battle plan in your mind. Outline the game and determine the type of approach that you will adopt. The strategy is the art of organizing and conducting a game of chess. Tactics are rather the art of directing the battle or the techniques used to defeat an opponent.
The strategy will focus on the planning side (broad outlines) while tactics focus on the operational side (how to maneuver to achieve the expected outcome of the strategy). It must be borne in mind that these two approaches are different but they work together. There is no effective tactic without a coherent strategy and that no strategy can succeed without the implementation of effective tactics.
Types of openings
The first moves you make in a chess game are critical. With these moves, you will build your plans and strive to control the chessboard. As a beginner, you must simply learn the basics of best chess openings.
Here are some of the best openings for beginners:
The Italian opening
The Italian opening is a viable option that begins with 1.e4 e5 2.Cf3 Cc6 3.Fc4. The point is to make rapid moves to gain full control of the center with your pawn and rider. You can proceed to place your pieces on a deadly hunt for the opponent’s pieces. This allows you to protect your king.
The Sicilian defense
The Sicilian defense, on the other hand, is one of the popular openings for blacks after 1.e4. It is an aggressive option. Oftentimes, the whites maneuver through 2.Cf3 before moving to 3.d4 to take control of space and center. However, blacks profit from the switch involving a wing pawn and a central pawn
The French Defense
The French defense is a classic opening that should be learned by all chess player. After e5 (from the whites) both players can take advantage of multiple pawns. The madman in ç8 can be menacing even surrounded by a chain of black pawns.
The Spanish opening (Ruy Lopez)
The Spanish opening or Ruy Lopez is one of the oldest openings available to players. Ruy Lopez was a Spanish monk, he composed one of the first books on chess. The fool is placed in b5 to threaten the rider who protects the e5 pawn. The whites leverage this threat to pile pressure on the black center.
Slav defense is a practical opening, which involves the securing of pawns by blacks in d5.
Develop all your pieces quickly
The main objective of the opening is to develop your pieces and cast as quickly as possible. The opening is completed when one of the players has connected their tricks. The first player to finish their moves wins.
Cavaliers are not as mobile when compared to Madmen and they take more time to navigate to the other side. While the Fools control several squares, the Riders dominate only the squares that are close to them. In the opening, do not move the same piece twice. Moving the same piece twice is a waste of time and can cost you the game.
Movement of pawns must be restricted at the start. A pawn is beneficial in the event that the goal is to unlock diagonals for the Lady or the Fool or to occupy the center. An open position supports the color with the highest number of pieces in play. Thus, it is imperative that the player with a developmental advantage should be allowed to open the game.
During the opening stages, make an effort to place the lady just behind a chain of friendly pawns. The Lady is undoubtedly the most influential piece of the game; however, it is also susceptible to deadly attacks by the opponent. For this reason, always strive to position your piece next to a pawn. Opting for the second row to allows you to activate the Towers easily.
In general, the exchange of a well-positioned piece against a badly positioned piece is not a good idea. By exchanging a developed piece for an undeveloped piece of the opponent means that you could sacrifice valuable time. Furthermore, if you exchange a piece that has moved more than an enemy piece, you undermine your overall strategy.
The security of the king is one of the most critical factors when opening and mid-game. A king lying in a central position is susceptible to enemy attacks, particularly if the position is open. It is important to place your King comfortably behind a chain of pawns while allowing the development of one of the two Towers.
Prevent your opponent from bartering and control as much space as possible
If your opponent takes time to cast, make an effort to keep his King in the center. One of the most basic techniques is to control one of the boxes, which can play a role in the King’s passage. In some cases, it may be beneficial to pry a pawn with the aim to keep the enemy king in the middle of the board.
The player with an edge gives his pieces a better chance of navigating the chessboard. The pieces can pass move from one side to the other with relative ease. On the other hand, the player with less space has more difficulty moving his pieces, which will be fatal if the pieces need to defend the King.
Advance your pieces to get more space. Although advancing your pawns is the main tactic used to limit the opponent’s position, it is necessary to act with caution. The more pawns you remove, it becomes daunting to defend your positions. In addition, any movement of the pawn creates a weakness in neighboring squares.
The more the pieces move forward, the more difficult they become to protect. As a result, the overall strategy is compromised. A weak pawn is a pawn that is not defended. This means that it must be defended by other pieces when attacked.